Ubuntu16.04 從源安裝nginx

標配需求:

  • OpenSSL library version between 1.0.2 - 1.1.0
  • Zlib library version between 1.1.3 - 1.2.11
  • PCRE library version between 4.4 - 8.40
  • GCC Compiler

可選需求:

  • PERL
  • LIBATOMIC_OPS
  • LibGD
  • MaxMind GeoIP
  • libxml2
  • libxslt

  • NGINX 是用 C 寫的, 所以我們需要 C 編譯器(GCC)
    sudo apt install build-essential -y

  • 下載NGINX 以及解壓
    wget https://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.13.1.tar.gz && tar zxvf nginx-1.13.1.tar.gz

  • 下載解壓其他NGINX 依賴
# PCRE version 4.4 - 8.40
wget https://ftp.pcre.org/pub/pcre/pcre-8.40.tar.gz && tar xzvf pcre-8.40.tar.gz

# zlib version 1.1.3 - 1.2.11
wget http://www.zlib.net/zlib-1.2.11.tar.gz && tar xzvf zlib-1.2.11.tar.gz

# OpenSSL version 1.0.2 - 1.1.0
wget https://www.openssl.org/source/openssl-1.1.0f.tar.gz && tar xzvf openssl-1.1.0f.tar.gz

  • 進到資料夾
    cd nginx-1.13.1

  • 進行編譯配置
./configure --prefix=/usr/share/nginx \
            --sbin-path=/usr/sbin/nginx \
            --modules-path=/usr/lib/nginx/modules \
            --conf-path=/etc/nginx/nginx.conf \
            --error-log-path=/var/log/nginx/error.log \
            --http-log-path=/var/log/nginx/access.log \
            --pid-path=/run/nginx.pid \
            --lock-path=/var/lock/nginx.lock \
            --user=www-data \
            --group=www-data \
            --build=Ubuntu \
            --http-client-body-temp-path=/var/lib/nginx/body \
            --http-fastcgi-temp-path=/var/lib/nginx/fastcgi \
            --http-proxy-temp-path=/var/lib/nginx/proxy \
            --http-scgi-temp-path=/var/lib/nginx/scgi \
            --http-uwsgi-temp-path=/var/lib/nginx/uwsgi \
            --with-openssl=../openssl-1.1.0f \
            --with-openssl-opt=enable-ec_nistp_64_gcc_128 \
            --with-openssl-opt=no-nextprotoneg \
            --with-openssl-opt=no-weak-ssl-ciphers \
            --with-openssl-opt=no-ssl3 \
            --with-pcre=../pcre-8.40 \
            --with-pcre-jit \
            --with-zlib=../zlib-1.2.11 \
            --with-compat \
            --with-file-aio \
            --with-threads \
            --with-http_addition_module \
            --with-http_auth_request_module \
            --with-http_dav_module \
            --with-http_flv_module \
            --with-http_gunzip_module \
            --with-http_gzip_static_module \
            --with-http_mp4_module \
            --with-http_random_index_module \
            --with-http_realip_module \
            --with-http_slice_module \
            --with-http_ssl_module \
            --with-http_sub_module \
            --with-http_stub_status_module \
            --with-http_v2_module \
            --with-http_secure_link_module \
            --with-mail \
            --with-mail_ssl_module \
            --with-stream \
            --with-stream_realip_module \
            --with-stream_ssl_module \
            --with-stream_ssl_preread_module \
            --with-debug \
            --with-cc-opt='-g -O2 -fPIC -fstack-protector-strong -Wformat -Werror=format-security -Wdate-time -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2' \
            --with-ld-opt='-Wl,-Bsymbolic-functions -fPIC -Wl,-z,relro -Wl,-z,now'

如果這邊有-fPIC相關的錯誤, 可以嘗試編輯Makefile; 沒錯誤的話可以跳過這段直接到make && make install

  • 編輯CFLAGS 參數 ; 填入-fPIC
vim objs/Makefile
1760 ../pcre-8.40/Makefile:  objs/Makefile
1761        cd ../pcre-8.40 \
1762        && if [ -f Makefile ]; then $(MAKE) distclean; fi \ 
1763        && CC="$(CC)" CFLAGS="-fPIC" \ 
1764        ./configure --disable-shared  --enable-jit

  • 編譯安裝
    make && make install

  • 檢查一下是否有報錯

[email protected]:~/nginx# sudo nginx -V
nginx version: nginx/1.13.1 (Ubuntu)
built with OpenSSL 1.1.0f  25 May 2017
TLS SNI support enabled
configure arguments: --prefix=/usr/share/nginx --sbin-path=/usr/sbin/nginx --modules-path=/usr/lib/nginx/modules --conf-path=/etc/nginx/nginx.conf --error-log-path=/var/log/nginx/error.log --http-log-path=/var/log/nginx/access.log --pid-path=/run/nginx.pid --lock-path=/var/lock/nginx.lock --user=www-data --group=www-data --build=Ubuntu --http-client-body-temp-path=/var/lib/nginx/body --http-fastcgi-temp-path=/var/lib/nginx/fastcgi --http-proxy-temp-path=/var/lib/nginx/proxy --http-scgi-temp-path=/var/lib/nginx/scgi --http-uwsgi-temp-path=/var/lib/nginx/uwsgi --with-openssl=../openssl-1.1.0f --with-openssl-opt=enable-ec_nistp_64_gcc_128 --with-openssl-opt=no-nextprotoneg --with-openssl-opt=no-weak-ssl-ciphers --with-openssl-opt=no-ssl3 --with-pcre=../pcre-8.40 --with-pcre-jit --with-zlib=../zlib-1.2.11 --with-compat --with-file-aio --with-threads --with-http_addition_module --with-http_auth_request_module --with-http_dav_module --with-http_flv_module --with-http_gunzip_module --with-http_gzip_static_module --with-http_mp4_module --with-http_random_index_module --with-http_realip_module --with-http_slice_module --with-http_ssl_module --with-http_sub_module --with-http_stub_status_module --with-http_v2_module --with-http_secure_link_module --with-mail --with-mail_ssl_module --with-stream --with-stream_realip_module --with-stream_ssl_module --with-stream_ssl_preread_module --with-debug --with-cc-opt='-g -O2 -fPIC -fstack-protector-strong -Wformat -Werror=format-security -Wdate-time -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2' --with-ld-opt='-Wl,-Bsymbolic-functions -fPIC -Wl,-z,relro -Wl,-z,now'
[email protected]:~/nginx#  nginx -t
nginx: the configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf syntax is ok
nginx: configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf test is successful

  • 製作 systemd unit file
    sudo vim /etc/systemd/system/nginx.service

貼上以下

[Unit]
Description=A high performance web server and a reverse proxy server
After=network.target

[Service]
Type=forking
PIDFile=/run/nginx.pid
ExecStartPre=/usr/sbin/nginx -t -q -g 'daemon on; master_process on;'
ExecStart=/usr/sbin/nginx -g 'daemon on; master_process on;'
ExecReload=/usr/sbin/nginx -g 'daemon on; master_process on;' -s reload
ExecStop=-/sbin/start-stop-daemon --quiet --stop --retry QUIT/5 --pidfile /run/nginx.pid
TimeoutStopSec=5
KillMode=mixed

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

補充: 如果你本來是從套件庫安裝的, 可能會顯示這個service 被 mask

[email protected]:/etc/nginx/sites-enabled# systemctl status nginx
● nginx.service
  Loaded: masked (/dev/null; bad)
  Active: inactive (dead) since Sun 2018-04-22 03:57:59 CST; 1h 46min ago
Main PID: 10978 (code=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)

這時候請先執行 systemctl unmask nginx, 或是把 /lib/systemd/system/nginx.service 刪除, 再執行systemctl daemon-reload


參考: https://www.vultr.com/docs/how-to-compile-nginx-from-source-on-ubuntu-16-04